Special Envoy for Kosovo – Mr Martti Ahtisaari –
On 14 November 2005 Mr. Ahtisaari was appointed the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the future status process for Kosovo. His office is situated in Vienna, Austria.
Mr. Ahtisaari was elected President of the Republic of Finland in February 1994. He held office from the 1st of March 1994 to the 29th of February 2000. Upon leaving office, Mr. Ahtisaari founded the Non-Governmental Organisation Crisis Management Iniatiative, where he is the Chairman of the Board. Other post-presidential activities have included facilitating the peace process between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement, chairing an independent panel on the security and safety of UN personnel in Iraq, appointments as UN Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa and Personal Envoy of the OSCE CiO for Central Asia, inspection of the IRA’s arms’ dumps with fellow inspector Cyril Ramaphosa, and the drafting of a report on the human rights and political situation in Austria as a member of a group of “three wise men”.
President Ahtisaari serves as Chairman of the Balkan Children and Youth Foundation and Global Action Council of the International Youth Foundation, as well as of the international board of the WSP International. He is member of the Board of the New York based EastWest Institute and member of the board of trustees of Inter Press Service International Association.
In Finland, President Ahtisaari is active on the corporate governing boards of Elcoteq SE and UPM-Kymmene.
In addition President Ahtisaari is the Chairman of the supervisory board of the Finnish National Opera, Honorary Chairman of the Pro Baltica Forum, Honorary Chairman of the Advisory Council of the Eurasia Foundation, Honorary Chairman of the International Committee of Vyborg Library, a member of the board of Naantali Music Festival, an Honorary Trustee of the American-Scandinavian Foundation, and a member of the steering committee of the Northern Research Forum. He is also Patron of the Koeppler Appeal and Member of the Board of EUSTORY.
Mr. Ahtisaari joined the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland in 1965, holding various posts in the Ministry’s Bureau for Technical cooperation from 1965 to 1972, and serving as Assistant Director from 1971 to 1972. He served as Deputy Director in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, in the Department for International Development Co-operation between 1972 and 1973. He was a member of the Government Advisory Committee on Trade and Industrialisation Affairs of Developing Countries from 1971 to 1973.
Prior to joining the United Nations, Mr. Ahtisaari served as Ambassador of Finland to the United Republic of Tanzania (1973-1976) and was also accredited to Zambia, Somalia and Mozambique (1975-1976). He served as a member of the Senate of the UN Institute for Namibia between 1975 and 1976. Mr. Ahtisaari served as United Nations Commissioner for Namibia from 1977 to 1981. He was appointed Special Representative of the Secretary General for Namibia in July 1978.
Mr. Ahtisaari served from 1984 to 1986 as Under-Secretary of State in charge of International Development Co-operation in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, as well as Special Representative of the Secretary General for Namibia. He was Governor for Finland in the African Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and in the Inter-American Development Bank, as well as in the International Fund for Agricultural Development. Mr. Ahtisaari was during that period Chairman of the Board of Directors for the Finnish Industrialization Fund for developing countries.
Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar appointed Mr. Ahtisaari as Under-Secretary General for Administration and Management, effective on the 1st of January 1987. Mr. Ahtisaari retained his functions as Special Representative of the Secretary General for Namibia and led the UN operation (UNTAG) in Namibia (1989-1990). Mr. Ahtisaari’s position as Under-Secretary General ended on the 30th of June 1991. As of the 1st of July 1991, Mr. Ahtisaari served as Secretary of State in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland in Helsinki.
From the beginning of September 1992 to the 15th of April 1993, Mr Ahtisaari was Chairman of the Bosnia-Herzegovina Working Group of the International Conference on the former Yugoslavia. Beginning from the 1st of July 1993, for a period of four months, Mr. Ahtisaari served as Special Adviser to the International Conference on the former Yugoslavia and to the UN Secretary General’s Special Representative for former Yugoslavia.
Mr Ahtisaari graduated from the University of Oulu, Finland in 1959 and received an Honorary Doctorate (Pedagogy) from his university 1989. He received an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from Bentley College, Waltham, Massachusetts in 1990; of Political Science from Kasetsart University, Bangkok 1995; of Social Sciences from University of Turku in 1995; of Economics and Business Administration (Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration) 1996; of the University of Palermo (Argentina) 1997; of Philosophy from University of Helsinki 1997; of the University of Moscow (MGIMO) 1997; of Pedagogy from Kyiv 1998; of Technology from University of Technology, Espoo 1998; of the University of Namibia 2000; of Laws from Columbia University of New York, of Social Sciences from University of Jyväskylä 2000 and from the Averett College in 2001. In 2005 Mr. Ahtisaari received the Honorary Degree Doctor of Humane Letters from the American University in Bulgaria.
Mr. Ahtisaari has been awarded the Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Award (2000), the Hessen Peace Prize (2000), the J. William Fulbright Award for International Understanding (2000), the Highest Acknowledgement of the Together for Peace Foundation (2000), the European Peacebuilder Award from the European Centre for Common Ground (2003) and the Euro-Atlantic Bridge Prize from the European Foundation for Culture (2003).
President Ahtisaari has received numerous decorations. In 2002 he was appointed as an Honorary Officer in the Order of Australia. In 2004 he was awarded with the Order of the Companions of Oliver Tambo (Supreme Companion) by South Africa.
A citizen of Finland, Mr. Ahtisaari was born on 23 June 1937. He is married and has a son.
Deputy Special Envoy of the Secretary-General – Doctor Albert Rohan
Secondary School in Salzburg and Feldkirch, Austria and Vannes, France
Legal studies in Vienna and Graz, Austria: 1960 Doctor of Law
1960/61 Insurance Company “Le Monde”, Paris, France
1961/62 College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium
1963 Entry into the Austrian Diplomatic Service
1963-66 Multilateral Economic Department
1966-68 Embassy Belgrade
1969-75 Embassy London
1975/76 Multilateral Economic Department
1977-81 Director, Executive Office of the UN Secretary General, New York, USA
1982-85 Director, Department for International Organisations
1985-89 Ambassador to Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay
1990-95 Director, Department for Central-, East- and South-East Europe
1993-95 Deputy Director-General for Political Affairs
1994/95 National Coordinator for the Central European Initiative
1996-2001 Secretary General for Foreign Affairs
Since 2002 Ambassador Rohan has been working as lecturer, political commentator for radio, television and print media. He is author of the book “Diplomat on the Fringes of World Politics”, Molden, October 2002.
Lectures on Developments in the Balkans, the Situation in the Middle East, Russia, the Transatlantic Relations and European Affairs at Universities of Princeton, Toronto, Ottawa, Budapest, Cracow and Vienna, Council for Foreign Relations, New York, Woodrow Wilson Centre, Washington, The Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House, London, Foreign Policy Associations in Munich, Lubjiana and Vienna, EURAC Bolzano, PANEUROPA Movement in Vienna and Innsbruck, UN Association of Austria a.o.
In November 2005 he has been appointed Deputy Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for the Future Status Process for Kosovo.